Comparing BICS and CALP

BICS

CALP

Cognitively Undemanding

Cognitively Demanding

Cognitively undemanding language is easy to understand, deals with everyday language and occurrences and uses simple language structure.

Cognitively demanding language relates to abstract concepts, has specialized vocabulary and uses more complex language structure.

BICS

CALP

Context Embedded

Context Reduced

Context embedded means that the conversation is often face-to-face, offers many cues to the listener such as facial expressions, gestures, concrete objects of reference.

Context reduced is the language of the classroom in which there are fewer non-verbal cues and the language is more abstract.




     
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